Distributed System, 2069 Sample-Question - Old questions

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Distributed System, 2069 Sample-Question

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  • 1. Define distributed system. Differentiate between an autonomous system and a distributed system with examples.
  • 2. “Distributed system acts as a single coherent system to its end user”. Justify the statement with its features and examples.
  • 3. Why do we need a distributed system? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of distributed system in detail.
  • 4. What are the main characteristics (design goals or objectives or requirements) of a distributed system?
  • 5. Why there are challenges in achieving some requirements of a distributed system? Explain the challenges associated with different requirements of distributed system.
  • 6. Define transparency. “Transparency is one the most important feature of a distributed system”, justify the statement with example. Explain the challenges in achieving the transparency in distributed system.
  • 7. Explain the different models of distributed system.
  • 8. Explain the different types of distributed systems: grid, cluster, cloud.
  • 9. Define distributed objects. How distributed objects communicate with other?
  • 10. Define distributed objects? What are the needs of event notification during the communication among distributed objects? Explain the distributed event notification architecture in detail
  • 11. Define distributed file system (DFS)? What are the different requirements of the distributed file system?
  • 12. Define distributed file system (DFS)? How does DFS encourage sharing a storage device, explain in detail with the help of a distributed file service architecture.
  • 13. Define transparency in distributed system. Give the reason for “access transparency is not maintained by conventional RPC”. How can it be solved, explain with detail modern RPC procedure.
  • 14. Define name service and explain its types. Explain the collection of name servers as a distributed system for the resolution of resource names along with resolution methods.
  • 15. What are the different operating system layers? Explain the importance of each of the layers.
  • 16. Differentiate between network operating system and distributed operating system.
  • 17. Eventhough a distributed operating system is needed in a distributed system to perform a particular task; it is not widely popular in use, why? What and how a DOS in realized in a practical distributed system?
  • 18. Define middleware and explain its importance in distributed system with suitable diagram.
  • 19. Define and differentiate between process and threads. Explain the importance of threads in distributed system with suitable examples.
  • 20. Briefly explain the different types of operating system architectures. (Monolithic and microkernel architectures)
  • 21. What is logical clock synchronization? What is the need of logical clock synchronization in distributed system? Justify the need with suitable example along with a logical clock synchronization algorithm.
  • 22. Define vector clock. Explain the clock synchronization algorithm using vector clock along with an example.
  • 23. Define logical and physical clocks. How can you synchronize the physical clock in a distributed network, explain with suitable algorithm. Also make a comment on the algorithm if any and suggest the solution.
  • 24. Define clock synchronization. What is the need of clock synchronization? Explain the Lamport’s clock synchronization algorithm along with an example.
  • 25. Define event ordering, causal ordering, and global ordering with suitable examples.
  • 26. Define distributed mutual exclusion. In how many ways the mutual exclusion can be achieved in distributed system? (see all mutual exclusion algorithms)
  • 27. How does mutual exclusion maintain synchronization in distributed system? Explain Ricart-Agrawala mutual exclusion algorithm along with an example.
  • 28. What is the need of an election algorithm; explain with few practical examples. Explain any one of the election algorithms by justifying its need.
  • 29. In what situations are the following election algorithms suitable? A) Bully B)Ring (also see another names for Bully and Ring)
  • 30. What is the need of multicast communication and consensus in distributed system, explain in brief.
  • 31. Define replication. What are the needs (advantages) of replication? Also point out its drawbacks.
  • 32. What are the different requirements of replication in distributed system?
  • 33. Define replica manager (RM). Draw and explain the replication architecture.
  • 34. Explain the different replication models with suitable examples.
  • 35. How does replication provide fault tolerance and high availability services to the users?
  • 36. Define transaction and nested transaction with examples. Explain how an atomicity is gained in transactions.
  • 37. Define concurrency control and its need in any transaction. What are the major goals and mechanisms of concurrency control?
  • 38. Define concurrency control. Explain the different methods of concurrency control. Also make a comparison among them.
  • 39. Define distributed transaction and nested distributed transaction with examples.
  • 40. What are the needs and roles of atomic commitment protocol (ACP) in distributed transactions? Explain different ACPs (two-phase and three-phase) in detail.
  • 41. Define distributed concurrency control. Explain the different methods of concurrency control in distributed transactions. Also make a comparison among them (same as Q.N.38)
  • 42. Define distributed deadlock in distributed transaction. Explain the deadlock resolution technique with an example.
  • 43. Explain transaction recovery techniques with example (log file, shadow paging etc.)
  • 44. Define fault tolerance. Explain how fault tolerance is ensured in distributed system. What are the different fault tolerance techniques?
  • 45. Explain process resilient with example.
  • 46. Explain reliable client-server communication.