TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

Examination Control Division

INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING

Examination Control Division

- Full Marks:
- 80
- Pass Marks
- 30
- Time
- 3 hrs.

Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as practicable.

Attempt All questions.

The figures in the margin indicate Full Marks

Assume suitable data if necessary

Attempt All questions.

The figures in the margin indicate Full Marks

Assume suitable data if necessary

- 1. Define energy and power type signals with suitable equations. Calculate and plot Fourier coefficients for $ x[n] = \sin(3\pi/5)n. $
- 2. What is a stability? Explain it with suitable derivations and examples.
- 3. If input sequences are x[-4] = 2, x[-2] = -1, x[0] = -2 and x[1] = 3, impulse responses to the system are h[-2] = 1, h[-1] = 0.75, h[0] = 0.5 and h[1] = 0.25, calculate output sequences and plot input, impulse response and output.
- 4. Define a difference equation. Draw the block diagram for y[n] - 2y[n - 2] + 3y[n - 3] - 4[y - 4] = 3x[n] + x[n - 1].
- 5. Differentiate between direct form I and II with suitable block diagrams.
- 6. Compute and draw the lattice structure of given FIR filter. $$ H(z) = 2 + 0.35z^{-1} + 0.3z^{-2} + 0.45z^{-3} + 0.55z^{-4}. $$
- 7. Define one's complement, 2's complement and sign magnitude representation of numbers. Represent 80/136 in 8 bit 1's complement form.
- 8. Explain about Park's McClellan algorithm with suitable derivation and flow chart.
- 9. Design a low pass discrete time filter by applying impulse invariance to an approximate Butterworth continuous filter, if passband frequency is $ 0.2\pi $ radians and maximum deviation of 1 dB below 0 dB gain in the passband. The maximum gain of -15dB and frequency is $ 0.3\pi $ radians in the stopband. Consider sampling frequency 1 Hz.
- 10. Find the FFT of the signal x[n] = (2, 1, 5, 3, 2, 1, 7).

[4+5]

[2+5]

[8]

[2+5]

[7]

[8]

[6+2]

[8]

[12]

[6]